The German Spitz breed comes in three separate sizes, giant, standard and toy. Each has the same markings and overall conformation, only the size is different. The coat of the German Spitz is thick with a coarser outer coat protecting a thick, dense undercoat. The giant German Spitz can only have a coat of black, brown or whites, while the standard and toy can have many different color variations. The coat is shorter on the head than the rest of the body, and the legs and tail are well feathered. The head is somewhat wedge shaped with pricked ears set high on the head and relatively close together. The eyes are large, dark and round and give an impression of fun and energy. The tail, as with all the spitz breeds, is carried curled to the top of the body and slightly to one side.
Temperament of a German Spitz
The German Spitz requires an active household where something is going on all the time. They are wonderful with older children but may become snappy at younger kids so are not recommended for families with infants and small children. They can be socialized to get along well with other dogs and non-canine pets although male German Spitz may be somewhat dog-aggressive. They can be challenging to train because they are very independent but also very demanding of attention. Sometimes prone to barking the breed must be taught to stop barking on command or it will become excessive. They do not handle being alone for long periods of time and will find ways to keep themselves entertained which may be barking, chewing or other destructive behaviors. When properly trained they are a wonderful companion dog and are also very good watchdogs.
Grooming & Shedding of a German Spitz
The thick inner coat is prone to matting and must be groomed at least every other day to prevent this from happening. The breed, because of its natural energy levels, must be taught to enjoy the grooming process and this is best done starting when they are puppies. The breed is an average shedder throughout the year but will also have a seasonal shed.
History of the German Spitz
The German Spitz is an older breed of dog developed from Lapphund, Samoyed and Nordic dog breeds. The giant and toy sizes were used as companion dogs and the first record of the breed dates back to the mid 1400’s. The Standard was often used as a working dog on farms in protection and watchdog roles. The toy version of the German Spitz was also known as the Victorian Pom, since Queen Victoria was a fancier of the breed.