An exact replica of the larger, standard Dachshund, the miniature variety is a dynamic and playful dog, just in a very small size. Like their larger counterparts the miniature Dachshund is very low to the ground with short, sturdy legs and an overall balanced body. They have almond shaped, highly expressive eyes, a long and slightly tapering muzzle and a long, slightly curved tail. There may be short, long or wired haired coat varieties in the miniature dachshund and all coat colors are accepted with the exception of white markings anywhere but on a small portion of the chest.
Temperament of a Miniature Dachshund
The miniature Dachshund is very playful and loves to be with the family. They are typically more nervous and timid than the larger standard size, and may have a tendency to snap and nip, especially if being handled incorrectly. Miniature Dachshunds are excellent for families with older children but are not recommended for young children as they are small dogs that can easy be hurt or startled. Often the miniature Dachshund will bond very strongly with a member of the family and may become jealous of other people or pets. Early and consistent socialization as well as exposure to new events, people and pets will help with this problem. As with all miniature breeds they are a bit difficult to train, and housetraining is often a problem. Since they are so small many are paper trained or litter trained rather than taken outdoors, especially in cold climates. The miniature Dachshund will respond well to positive training methods and should never be treated harshly.
Grooming & Shedding of a Miniature Dachshund
The wire haired and longhaired varieties of the miniature Dachshund require more frequent grooming and clipping than the short haired coat. Typically they love to be groomed and enjoy the contact with their owner. Teeth and nails should be checked every grooming. Any tearing of the eyes should be closely monitored.
History of the Miniature Dachshund
The miniature Dachshund was bred strictly as a companion dog, not as a hunting dog. The standard sized Dachshund were bred in Germany to hunt badgers, and the miniature still retains those tendencies. Some breeders also try to indicate that they sell “toy” Dachshunds, which are smaller still than miniatures. The AKC and Kennel Club do not recognize a toy variety of the breed, so care should be taken before purchasing these very small dogs.
Health Issues with a Miniature Dachshund
Major Concerns: intervertebral disc disease (Dachshund paralysis)
Minor Concerns: KCS (dry eye), heart disease, epilepsy, obesity