In the 1920's Roswell Eldridge offered prize money at Cruft's Dog Show in London to anyone exhibiting these Spaniels with a longer nose as they had appeared in King Charles II paintings. By the 1940's these dogs were classified as a unique breed given the prefix "Cavalier"
to differentiate them from their forebears. They are great family dogs. They will lay around with you or will accompany you on walks. When selecting one of these dogs, it is important to check the medical history of several previous generations because of the possibility of over breeding due to their popularity. They are easy to train and get along with other dogs. They require lots of grooming.
The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a small version of the King Charles Spaniel used for hunting. The breed has very large, espressive eyes and a calm, loving demeanor while still being an active and highly intelligent dog. The hair is very soft, long and may have a slightly wavy appearance. The ears are long and feathered, as are the legs and the tail. The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel can be many different colors including the traditional Blenheim, chestnut on cream, tri-color, dark red and black and tan. The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel are sometimes considered to have the facial shape of a puppy, a slightly upturned conical muzzle with a broad head and face, which makes them appear young throughout their life.
A Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is an ideal pet for a family with older children or individuals that are home more than they are away. As a natural companion dog the breed does not do well in isolation, even if there are other pets in the house. Many owners of Cavalier King Charles Spaniels report that they are the happiest and most loving dogs they have ever owned. The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is naturally friendly with other pets including dogs and cats, especially when socialized properly. The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel loves to run and play with children, but may be somewhat nervous around very small kids. The breed is a hunting breed so they will chase when off a lead or out on a run.
Grooming & Shedding
As an average shedding breed the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel does need frequent and routine grooming. The long, feathery hair on the ears, neck, legs, tail and hind legs tend to tangle easily and grooming is required to keep serious mats from forming. The breed can tolerate bathing much more than many of the other small breeds, and they seem to really love to look their best so enjoy grooming routines.
The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel has a unique history since a wealthy American named Roswell Eldridge actually offered a prize to anyone who could breed a dog that closely resembled the hunting dogs pictured in paintings of King Charles the II. This offer was made at the London Cruft’s dog show in 1920, and the resulting re-development of the smaller size of King Charles Spaniels was amazing. The term “cavalier” was used in reference to the supporters of King Charles, which his loyal hunting dogs certainly were.
After there first showing at Cruft’s in 1928 the long nosed, small bodied Cavalier King Charles Spaniel breeders formed an association and registered the breed as separate from the larger King Charles Spaniel.
12-13 inches (30-33 cm)
10-18 pounds (5-8 kg)
Medium to low
Need exercise space
Major Concerns: Mitral Valve Disease (MVD), Syringomyelia, Cataracts
Minor Concerns: Luxating Patellae, Allergies, Abnormal bite, Ear infections